Coffee was introduced to Japan by the Dutch in the 17th century, but remained a curiosity until the lifting of trade restrictions in 1858. The first European-style coffeehouse opened in Tokyo in 1888, and closed four years later.[34] By the early 1930s there were over 30,000 coffeehouses across the country; availability in the wartime and immediate postwar period dropped nearly to zero, then rapidly increased as import barriers were removed. The introduction of freeze-dried instant coffee, canned coffee, and franchises such as Starbucks and Doutor Coffee in the late 20th century continued this trend, to the point that Japan is now one of the leading per capita coffee consumers in the world.[35] Doutor Coffee () is a Japanese retail company that specializes in coffee roasting and coffee shop franchising. It was founded by Toriba Hiromichi. Information The company currently has over 900 locations in Japan, has begun expansion in Taiwan and Korea. It is listed on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Altogether, Douter Coffee has over 1,200 outlets throughout the world.[1] [edit]History Doutor Coffee opened the first European styled cafe in Harajuku, Japan on 18th April 1980. The size of the small shop was only 9 square meters. Despite the small size and local competition, the Doutor Coffee shop succeeded and has expanded to the company that it is now. [1] [edit]Plantations Doutor Coffee had its own coffee plantation in 1991 in Kona Island, Hawaii. In order to expand, Doutor Coffee then had its second plantation in the year of 1995.[2] [edit]Roasting coffee Roasting coffee using hot air is a commonly used method by most roasting plants, but it takes away the original flavor of the coffee. Doutor Coffee explored other ways to roast the coffee, but in a more effective way that retains the flavor in the coffee. Doutor Coffee utilizes the flame roasting approach which is laborious and time-extensive, but it allows richly flavored coffee beans. Since flame roasting is used more for small shops due to the fact that it can only roast 5kg to 20kg of beans at a time, Doutor Coffee is trying to create an industrialized flame roasting technique. [edit]Location and hours Doutor Coffee is located at 12 Marina Boulevard Singapore 018982, Marina Bay Financial Centre Tower 3, #01-05. It is open from Monday through Friday from 7:30 am to 9:30 pm. It is open from Saturday through Sunday from 8:30 am to 7:00 pm.