A cortado is an espresso cut with a small amount of warm milk.[1] The ratio of milk to coffee is between 1:1 1:2, and the milk is added after the espresso. The word "cortado" is from the Spanish cortar, to cut. [edit]Other names and variations A cortado is also known as "Tallat" in Catalan, "Ebaki" in Basque, "Pingo" or "Garoto" in Portugal and "noisette" in France. It is also commonly called a "Gibraltar" in the United States, especially on the West Coast. The name Gibraltar originates in San Francisco, California, where roasters such as Blue Bottle Coffee Company and Ritual Coffee Roasters started the trend by serving the drink in LibbeyOwensFord glassware by the same name.[2][3] A Gibraltar, served in San Francisco In Cuba, it is known as a cortadito. It's usually served in a special glass, often with a metal ring base and a metal wire handle. There are several variations, including cortado condensada, cafe con leche condensada or bombon (espresso with condensed milk) and leche y leche (with condensed milk and cream on top). Brought to the Little Havana neighborhood of Miami, Florida by Cuban-Americans in the 1960s, the drink is now found throughout the city, and is an important part of everyday culture, particularly among Cubans. [edit]Similar drinks However a cortado is made, it should be distinguished from the Italian caffe macchiato or cappuccino.[2

A similar drink in Australia is known as a piccolo cafe latte, or simply a piccolo for short. This is a single espresso shot in a macchiato glass that is then filled with steamed milk in the same fashion as a cafe latte. A larger drink, popular in Portugal, is the galao, which uses 1:3 proportions but is otherwise similar to a cortado. Condensed milk is cow's milk from which water has been removed. It is most often found in the form of sweetened condensed milk, with sugar added, and the two terms 'condensed milk' and 'sweetened condensed milk' are often used synonymously today. Sweetened condensed milk is a very thick, sweet product which when canned can last for years without refrigeration if unopened. Though there have been unsweetened condensed milk products, they spoiled far more easily and are uncommon nowadays. Condensed milk is used in numerous dessert dishes in many countries, including the United States, India, Germany, Argentina, Brazil, Venezuela, Vietnam, China, Lebanon, and Russia, where it is known as "" (sguschyonka, literally "[that which is] thickened"). A related product is evaporated milk, which has undergone a more complex process and which is not sweetened. Local tastes in most countries prefer one or the other. In Germany unsweetened evaporated milk is far more common than sweetened condensed milk. In Peru and the US both are equally common.